Minggu, 01 September 2013

Lyrics and Video Song of Maher Zain - Ramadan


Lyrics and Video Song of  Maher Zain - Ramadan





Song Lyrics Maher Zain - Ramadan


Thanks For Visit Blog Guru Yang Selalu Dirindu

Jumat, 14 Juni 2013



Speaking in The Class
SMAN 2 Karawang 2012


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Terima Kasih Sudah Berkunjung ke blog Yudi Juga Punya Cerita....



Kamis, 13 Juni 2013

The Performance of Students At SMAN 2 Karawang 
on Introduction presentation English materials. 
2013


                                          Class : X-1
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                                         Class : X-3
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                                          Class : X-6       
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                                          Class : X-7
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Thanks for visit blog yudi juga punya cerita...

Rabu, 12 Juni 2013

Kebahagiaan Bersama Siswa-Siswi Kelas x-1 SMAN 2 Karawang


Kebahagiaan Bersama Siswa-Siswi Kelas x-1 SMAN 2 Karawang


 Anak-Anaku Yang Tercinta Inilah bekal Untuk Kalian….
Dari Wali Kelas X-1 Yudi Yansyah, S.Pd.


Berkata Abu Hurairah r.a : bahwa Nabi saw telah bersabda:”Ada tujuh kelompok yang akan mendapat perlindungan Allah pada hari yang tiada perlindungan kecuali perlindungan-Nya.Mereka adalah pemimpin yang adil, anak muda yang senantiasa beribadah kepada Allah Azza wa Jalla,seseorang yang hatinya senantiasa dipertautkan dengan mesjid,dua orang yang saling mencintai karena Allah,yakni keduanya berkumpul dan berpisah karena Allah,seorang laki-laki yang ketika dirayu oleh seorang wanita bangsawan lagi rupawan lalu ia menjawab: “Sungguh aku takut kepada Allah”,seseorang yang mengeluarkan shadaqah lantas di-sembunyikannya sampai-sampai tangan kirinya tidak mengetahui apa yang diperbuat tangan kanannya,dan seseorang yang berzikir kepada Allah di tempat yang sunyi kemudian ia mencucurkan air mata”. (H.R.Bukhary – Muslim)
Hadits ini menjelaskan bahwa pada hari kiamat ada tujuh tipe atau golongan manusia yang akan mendapatkan perlindungan Allah swt., yaitu :
  1. Pemimpin yang adil Menjadi pemimpin yang adil itu tidaklah mudah, butuh pengorbanan pikiran,perasaan, harta, bahkan jiwa. Dalam ajaran Islam, kepemimpinan bukanlah fasilitas namun amanah. Kalau kita menganggap kepemimpinan atau jabatan itu sebagai fasilitas, kemungkinan besar kita akan memanfaatkan kepemimpinan itu
    sebagai sarana memperkaya diri tanpa menghiraukan aspek halal atau aharam.Sebaliknya, kalau kita menganggap kepemimpinan atau jabatan itu sebagai amanah, kita akan melaksanakan kepemimpinan itu dengan penuh kejujuran dan tanggung jawab. Nah, untuk melaksanakan kepemimpinan dengan cara yang amanah itu tidaklah mudah,Karena itu logis kalau kita menjadi pemimpin yang adil,Allah akan memberi perlindungan di akhirat kelak.
  2. Anak muda yang saleh Masa muda adalah masa keemasan karena kondisi fisik masih prima. Namun diakui bahwa ujian pada masa muda itu sangat beragam dan dahsyat. Oleh sebab itu, apabila ada anak muda yang mampu melewati masa keemasannya dengan taqarrub (mendekatkan) diri kepada-Nya, menjauhkan diri dari berbagai kemaksiatan, serta mampu mengendalikan nafsu syahwatnya, Allah akan memberikan perlindungan-Nya pada hari kiamat.Ini merupakan imbalan dan penghargaan yang Allah berikan kepada anak-anak muda yang saleh.
  3. Orang yang hatinya terikat pada mesjid Kalimat “seseorang yang hatinya senantiasa dipertautkan dengan mesjid”seperti yang disebutkan hadits di atas, paling tidak menunjukkan dua pengertian. Pengertian pertama, orang-orang yang kapan dan di manapun berada selalu ingin memakmurkan tempat ibadah. Pengertian kedua, orang-orang yang tidak pernah melalaikan ibadah di tengah kesibukan apapun yang dijalaninya.
  4. Bersahabat karena Allah Poin ini terambil dari kalimat “dua orang yang saling mencintai karena Allah, yakni keduanya berkumpul dan berpisah karena Allah”. Bersahabat karena Allah swt. maksudnya kita mencintai seseorang atau membencinya bukan karena faktor harta, kedudukan, atau hal-hal lain yang bersifat material,namun murni semata-mata karena Allah swt. Kalau sahabat kita berbuat baik,
    kita mendukungnya, dan kalau berbuat salah kita mengingatkannya, bahkan kita berani meninggalkannya kalau sekiranya sahabat tersebut akan menjerumuskan kita pada gelimang dosa dan maksiat. Inilah yang dimaksud dengan persahabatan karena Allah.
  5. Mampu menghadapi godaan lawan jenis “Seorang laki-laki yang ketika dirayu oleh seorang wanita bangsawan lagi rupawan lalu ia menjawab: “Sungguh aku takut kepada Allah.” Kalimat ini menggambarkan bahwa kalau kita mampu menghadapi godaan syahwat dari lawan jenis, maka kita akan mendapatkan perlindungan Allah di hari kiamat. Di sini
    digambarkan seorang laki-laki yang digoda wanita bangsawan nan rupawan tapi dia menolak ajakannya bukan karena tidak selera kepada wanita itu, namun karena takut kepada Allah. Jadi, rasa takut kepada Allahlah yang menjadi benteng laki-laki tersebut, sehingga tidak terjerembab pada perbuatan maksiat. Karena itu Allah memberikan penghargaan pada hari kiamat dengan memberikan pertolongan-Nya. Di sini diumpamakan laki-laki yang digoda wanita, namun sangat mungkin wanita pun digoda laki-laki.
  6. Ihklas dalam beramal “Seseorang yang mengeluarkan sedekah lantas disembunyikannya sampai-sampai tangan kirinya tidak mengetahui apa yang diperbuat tangan kanannya.” Ini gambaran keihlasan dalam beramal. Saking ihklasnya dalam beramal sampai-sampai tangan kiri pun tidak tahu apa yang diinfakkan atau disumbangkan oleh tangan kanannya. Pertanyaannya, bolehkah kita bersedekah
    sambil diketahui orang lain, bahkan nama kita dipampang di koran?
    Boleh saja, asalkan benar-benar kita niatkan karena Allah swt., bukan karena cari popularitas. Perhatikan ayat berikut, ” Jika kamu menampakkan sedekahmu, maka itu baik sekali. Dan jika kamu menyembunyikannya dan kamu berikan kepada orang-orang fakir, maka menyembunyikannya itu lebih baik bagimu. Dan Allah akan menghapuskan dari kamu sebagian kesalahan-kesalahanmu; dan Allah mengetahui apa yang kamu kerjakan.” (Q.S.Al-Baqarah 2: 271) 
  7. Zikir kepada Allah dengan khusyu “Seseorang berzikir kepada Allah di tempat yang sunyi, kemudian ia mencucurkan air mata.” Zikir artinya mengingat Allah. Kalau seseorang berdo’a dengan khusyu hingga tak terasa air mata menetes karena sangat nikmat berzikir dan munajat kepada-Nya, maka Allah akan memberikan pertolongan kepadanya pada hari kiamat kelak.






SELAMAT melanjutkan perjuangan di kelas baru mu, Ingatlah kepada alloh dikala senang maka alloh akan mengingatmu ketika kamu susah.

Senin, 13 Mei 2013

excercis 1


Arrange the following questions based on the instruction given!
1.       Listen and complete the following dialogue!
Vita        : come in, Ani! This is my house
Ani          : oh, it’s so dirty.
Vita        : We had left this house for a month 1)……………………………………..The floor very dirty.
Ani          : I will help you to clean it
Vita        : That’s what a friend for .
Ani          : 2)…………………………………………A Spider! Oh, there are many spiders here.
Vita        : I will take the equipment first. Wait here.
Ani          : 3)……………………………………………I’m afraid to be alone.
Vita        : oh, let’s go to the garage!
Ani          : 4)…………………………………………
Vita        : there is not ghost in my house.
Ani          : But I feel that your house is scary.
Vita        : 5) ……………………………………if my mother heard it, she would be angry.

2.       Translate the following sentences by using the simple present tense or present continuous tense!
a.       Sekolah mulai pukul 7 pagi.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
b.      Mega sering bermain bola dengan Dini.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
3.       What is purpose of narrative text?
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
4.       Arrange the following words into good sentences!
a.       The lamp – when – typing – was – my paper – I – turned – someone – off
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
b.      Digged – yesterday – plant – his favorite tree – Ronald – hole – big – to
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
5.       Give an example for the following kind of expressions!
a.       Pain
 …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
b.      Relief
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

English Speech


Title :  Is important to learn English?
Assalamualaikum, wr. wb.

Firstly, I would like to say thank you very much for the MC, juries all teachers and all my friends who have given me opportunity to deliver this English speech.

Before I begin to give a speech, I would like to invite you to thank to Allah the Almighty, Who has given us Mercy and Blessing, so we can meet together in this blessing place. And also I don't forget to deliver sholawat and salam to our prophet Muhammad SAW, Who has brought us from the darkness to the brightness, so we are always in the right way.
There are varieties of reason and opinion will appears when we hear the question “ is important to learn English”?
Some people says that “important to learn English” but some people says that learning English is less important, ok, my friends what’s your opinion about it?
On this opportunity, I would like to deliver a speech entitle "Is the Important to Learn English?"
Ladies and Gentlemen
Begin with the question about "is important to learn English?" How important do you think English to learn? We all know that English is one of some international languages that widely used in many countries except Arabic, Chinese, and French. English is a language that comes from United Kingdom (UK) and then spread through colonization until Americas which then English was used there. English became the language that widely used today.
English is a language that has a special position in 75 countries and is used in more than 100 countries. English also is used the international language for business, sports, academics, science, technology, advertising and diplomatic.
Shall we ask "Is that important to learn English?"
Many people in this country do not agree about the importance of learning English which is accompanied by their variety of reasons and opinions.
They argumentations:
Why do we have to learn English? If we still have our own language, Indonesian, that is used as our national and unifying language of our country.
Why do we have to learn English? If we still have of traditional languages which we should preserve them together.
However, we live in this world is not free from the dependency of everything one country to others. From the dependency, we certainly need a unifying language between different countries with different languages.
So, English is a language that must be learned from elementary school up to senior high school in order the students have an international outlook which of course will determine the future of our beloved country, Indonesia.
I think that all my speech, I hope my speech on “is important to learn English” will be useful for us. Finally, I would like to say sorry if there are mistakes in my speech words. Thank you very much for your attentions.
Wassalamualaikum wr wb.


Title : National Education Day (HARDIKNAS)
Firstly, I would like to say thank you very much for the MC, juries all teachers and all my friends who have given me opportunity to deliver this English speech.

It is a great honor for me to stand here and give a brief speech entitled “National Education Day (HARDIKNAS)
To begin this speech, I would ask you two things about our education. What happen with our education?  Is our education well enough or bad enough if we compare with other country?
If you have ever heard about the news last year about our international education rank, you would be surprised. As quoted form Education for All (EFA) Global Monitoring Report 2011 which is published by UNESCO and launched in New York on Sunday, 1/3/2011, our international education rank is at 69th place from 129 surveyed countries all over the world. This rank is lower than in 2010.
It opens a question that runs in my head, what happen with our education? Indonesia is a great country with many talented young generations. There are so many Indonesian students who win the international education Olympiads such as mathematics, chemical, physics and other. But why our international education rank is still low. So what happen with our education? 

Our government also made an effort to improve our educational standard by improving the teachers' quality with a program which well known as "Sertifikasi". But why our education ranks never change. So what happen with our education?

But sooner I realize one thing. Our education rank depends on us. Good or bad the education of the countries depends on their students.
If we want to change our bad educational paradigm, lets begin with change our perspective with the terms of education itself by keep trying, keep studying, keep innovating, keep inventing for sake of our education.
I think that all my speech, I hope my speech on This National Education Day or HARDIKNAS. will be useful for us. Finally, I would like to say sorry if there are mistakes in my speech words

Thank you very much for your attentions.
Wassalamualaikum wr wb.

I Love English Language


EASY GRAMMAR 
FOR SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL
(I Love English Language)

Tenses
1.    Present simple
Pelajari contoh dibawah ini :
Mr Yudi is a bus driver . but now he is a sleep in a bed.
Jadi : he is not driving a bus (he is sleep)
Perhatikan :
i/you/we/they        =          drive
he she it                     =          drives
kita menggunakan present simple untuk membicarakan benda benda secara umum   
2.    Simple past Tense
Simple Past Tense digunakan untuk mengungkapkan kejadian yang telah terjadi pada waktu tertentu di masa lalu. kejadian bisa pendek atau panjang. Berarti juga bisa menjadi beberapa kejadian terjadi satu demi persatu. Secara umum, Ada dua fakta penting yang perlu diingat dalam tenses bahasa inggris ini :
- kata kerja tak beraturan (Irregular Verbs)
- kalimat negatif dan pertanyaan tidak seperti kalimat positif tetapi mempertahankan bentuk dasar kata kerja
Penggunaan
1. Peristiwa di masa lalu yang telah selesai (misalnya : I went to school)
2. Situasi di masa lalu (they lived a normal life until they won a lottery)
3. Serangkaian tindakan di masa lalu

Rumus
Positif (+)
- Subject + to be (was/were) + complement
- Subject + verb 2 + object
Negatif (-)
- Subject + to be (was/were) + not + complement
- Subject + did not + verb 1 + object
Tanya (?)
- Did + subject + verb 1 + object ?

Contoh Simple Past tense:
He was a businessman in 1999 (+)
- dia adalah seorang pebisnis pada tahun 1999
I sell these motorcycles in Surabaya(+)
- saya menjual sepeda motor ini di Surabaya
She did not visit me yesterday (-)
- dia tidak mengunjungiku kemarin

My parents were not home this afternoon(-)
- orang tua ku tidak ada di rumah siang ini

Did you play football yesterday ? (?)
- Apakah kamu bermain sepakbola kemarin ?

Keterangan waktu (adverb of time) yang umum digunakan dalam simple past tense :
Yesterday (kemarin, the other day (lain hari), just now (sekarang), the day before yesterday (sehari sebelum kemarin), etc

Past simple
This time you have to put the verb into the correct form. All the sentences are past.
Example : I didn’t go (not/go) to work yesterday because I wasn’t (not/be) very well.
1.      Tom ……………………….(not/Shave) this morning because he ………………….(not/have) time.
2.      We……………………….(not/eat) anything because I ……………………….(not/be ) hungry.
3.      I …………………………...(not/rush) because I ………………………………(not/be) in a hurry.
4.      She………………………..(not/be) interested in the book because she ……………………………(not/understand) it.


1.    Past Continuous Tense
Past continuous tense mengungkapkan tindakan di masa lalu yang sedang berlangsung. tindakan kadang dapat juga disela oleh sesuatu. bentuk tenses bahasa inggris ini disebut juga Past Progressive Tense
Penggunaan :
1. Tindakan yang sedang berlangsung
2. kegiatan sela yang sedang berlangsung
[Past Continuous] + When + [Past Simple]
3. kegiatan yang sedang berlangsung pada waktu yang sama di masa lalu
4. Pertanyaan bersyarat / sopan
Misalnya : I was wondering if you could carry my bag.

Rumus
Positif (+)
Subject + to be (was/were) + verb-ing + object
Negatif (-)
Subject + was/were + not + verb-ing + object
Tanya (?)
- was/were + subject + verb-ing + object ?

Contoh - Past Continuous tense :
He was sleeping when I came (+)
- Dia sedang tidur ketika saya datang
He was not sleeping when I came (-)
- Dia tidak sedang tidur ketika saya datang
Was he sleeping when I came ?
- apakah dia sedang tidur ketika saya datang ?

I was working all night yesterday(+)
- saya sedang bekerja sepanjang malam kemarin
I was not working all night yesterday (-)
- Saya tidak sedang bekerja sepanjang malam kemarin
were you working all night yesterday ?
- Apakah kamu sedang bekerja sepanjang malam kemarin ?

Past continuous
Example : (Don / have / a bath ) don was having a bath
1.      (ann / write / a letter in her room ) ann…………………………………………………………
2.      ( George / get / ready to go out ) George……………………………………………………….
3.      (Carol and Denis / have / dinner ) carol and denis …………………………………………
(Tom / make / a phone call) Tom……………………………………………………………………
1.    Past Perfect (simple)
Kita menggunakan Past Perfect (simple) tense untuk menunjukkan suatu tindakan di masa lalu berkaitan dengan tindakan lain sebelumnya di masa lalu.
Penggunaan :
1. menceritakan sebuah tindakan yang sudah selesai sebelum tindakan lain di masa lalu
2. kalimat pengandaian (Conditional Sentence) Type III
If + subject + Past perfect + would have + verb III
If we had known the answer, we would have told you
Seandainya kami telah tahu jawabannya, kami akan telah mengatakan padamu (kenyataanya kami sudah tidak tahu jawabannya)
3. kalimat tak langsung (reported speech)
Ann: I have searched all the rooms.
George: Ann said she had searched all the rooms.
George : Ann mengatakan bahwa dia sudah mencari semua kamar
untuk pembahasan selengkapnya tentang reported speech dalam berbagai tenses disini

Rumus Past Perfect Tense :
Positif (+)
Subject + had + verb III + (past participle) + object
Negatif (-)
Subject + had + not + verb III + object
Tanya (?)
Had + subject + verb III + object ?

Contoh - Past Perfect tense :
They had been here before 1945 (+)
- mereka telah berada disini sebelum tahun 1945
They had not been here before 1945 (-)
- mereka belum berada disini sebelum tahun 1945
Had they been here before 1945 ? (?)
- apakah mereka telah berada disini sebelum 1945 ?

She had gone to Amsterdam when I called her (+)
- dia telah pergi ke Amsterdam ketika aku meneleponnya
She had not gone to Amsterdam when I called her (-)
- dia belum pergi ke Amsterdam ketika aku meneleponnya
Had she gone to Amsterdam when you called her ?
- apakah dia telah pergi ke Amsterdam ketika kamu meneleponnya ?

Keterangan waktu (Adverb of time) yang umum digunakan dalam past Perfect tense ini :
after, before, already, as soon as, just, yet, until, till, by the time that.

past Perfect tense juga digunakan untuk ungkapan seperti : “I wish”, “as if/though” and “if only”.
I wish I hadn’t gone there.
aku berharap aku tidak pernah pergi kesana
Jono looked as if he had done something terrible.
Jono tampak seolah-olah ia telah melakukan sesuatu yang mengerikan

Past perfect
Complete these sentences using the verbs in bracket.
Example : most of my friends were no longer there. They  had left (Leave)
1.      My best friend, Kevin was no longer there. He …………………(go) away.
2.      The local cinema was no longer open. It ……………………..(close) down
3.      Mr Johnson was no longer alive. He …………………(die)
4.      I didn’t recognize mrs Johnson. She ……………………..(change) a lot.
5.      Bill no longer had his car. He…………………..(sell) it.

1.    Past Perfect Continuous Tense
Past Perfect Continuous Tense digunakan untuk mengungkapkan suatu tindakan yang dimulai di masa lalu dan berlangsung sampai tindakan lain yang di masa lalu.
Penggunaan :
1. Durasi tindakan masa lalu sampai titik waktu tertentu di masa lalu juga
2. kalimat pengandaian (Conditional Sentence) Type III
If it hadn’t been raining, we would have played football
3. kalimat tak langsung (reported speech)
Ann: I was crying
George: Ann said she had been crying
George : Ann mengatakan bahwa dia telah menangis

Rumus
Positif (+)
Subject + had + been + verb-ing + object
Negatif (-)
Subject + had + not + been + verb-ing + object
Tanya (?)
Had + subject + been + object ?

Contoh Past Perfect Continuous tense :
He had been living in Jakarta about ten years (+)
- Dia telah tinggal di Jakarta sekitar 10 tahun
He had not been living in Jakarta about ten years (-)
- dia belum tinggal di Jakarta sekitar 10 tahun
Had He been living in Jakarta about ten years ? (?)
- apakah dia telah tinggal di Jakarta selamat 10 tahun ?


Perbedaan antara Present Perfect Continuous and Past Perfect Continuous adalah :
Present Perfect Continuous mengungkapkan tindakan yang terus berlanjut sampai sekarang sedangkan Past Perfect Continuous tidak.
He has been playing for two hours
Dia telah bermain selama 2 jam (dia masih bermain atau baru saja selesai)
He had been playing for two hours when arrived
Dia telah bermain selama 2 jam ketika saya tiba (sekarang tidak sedang bermain.


Past perfect continuous
1.      Tom was watching television. He was feeling very tired.
(he/study/hard all day) he…………………………………………..
2.      When I walked into the room, it was empty. But there was a smell cigarette.
(somebody/smoke/in the room) somebody………………………………………………
3.      When marry come back from the beach, she looked very red from the sun.
(she/lie/in the sun too long) ………………………………………………………………………
4.      The two boys came into the house. They had a football they were both very tired.
(they/play/football)………………………………………………………
5.      Ann woke up in the middle of the night. She was frightened and she didn’t know where she was. (she dream/dream) ……………………………………………………………………….

Countable nouns adalah kata benda yang dapat dihitung, yang dapat menunjukkan kuantitas atau jumlah, contohnya kata benda pen dapat dihitung one, two, atau three pens.

Contoh kata benda yang dapat dihitung: cat, dog, man, baby, person, animal, bottle, box, coin, cup, plate, table, chair, bag, glass, book, house, etc. Benda-benda yang ada di sekitar kita umumnya adalah benda yang dapat dihitung.

Contoh countable nouns dalam kalimat:
- We could see a ship in the distance.
- I have to brothers, John and Mark.
- I've got a problem with the car.
- Do you like these photos?
- I'm going out for five minutes.

Uncountable nouns (disebut juga mass nouns) adalah kebalikan dari countable nouns, yaitu kata benda yang tidak dapat dihitung, contohnya kata benda water. Kata benda tersebut tidak bisa dikatakan a water atau two water, tetapi lebih tepat digunakan bersama dengan kata benda lainnya yang dapat dihitung, misalnya a glass of water atau two glass of water.

Contoh kata benda yang tidak dapat dihitung: sand, air, rice, sugar, cheese, tea, coffee, advice, assistance, fun, money, music, art, love, etc.

Contoh uncountable nouns dalam kalimat:
- Can I have some water?
- Shall we sit on the grass?
- The money is much better in my new job.
- I love music.
- Would you like some coffee?

Perhatikan beberapa catatan mengenai countable dan uncountable nouns di bawah ini.

Much dan many yang sama-sama berarti banyak, biasa digunakan untuk menyatakan jumlah pada countable dan uncountable nouns. Many digunakan untuk countable nouns dan terletak mendahuluinya, sedangkan much digunakan untuk uncountable nouns.

Contoh:
- How many years have you lived in Surabaya?
- She didn’t have much fun at the Tunjungan Plaza.
- I haven't got many pens.
- I haven't got much rice.

Number dan amount mempunyai arti yang sama yaitu jumlah atau sejumlah. Number digunakan untuk countable nouns, sedangkan amount untuk uncountable nouns.

Contoh:
- My teacher gives me a large number of assignments.
- My teacher gives me a large amount of homework.
- We have been friends for a number of years.
-They give us an amount of money.

Few dan little mempunyai arti yang sama yaitu sedikit. Few digunakan untuk countable nouns, sedangkan little digunakan untuk uncountable nouns.

Contoh:
- The party has attended by a few men.
- There is only a little milk on the table.
- I've got a few dollars.
- I've got a little money.
- Few people understand the difference.

Fewer dan less mempunyai arti yang sama yaitu sedikit. Fewer digunakan untuk countable nouns, sedangkan less digunakan untuk uncountable nouns.

Contoh:
- This kind of job will give you fewer dollars.
- He pays me less money than I thought.
- Fewer birds came this year.
- Doctors recommend eating less salt.

Some dan any mempunyai arti yang sama yaitu beberapa, biasa digunakan untuk menyatakan jumlah tak tentu pada countable nouns (plural) atau uncountable nouns.

Contoh:
- I've got some money.
- Have you got any rice?
- I've got some dollars.
- Have you got any pens?


Countable nouns dapat berbentuk singular maupun plural.
- My cat is playing.
- My cats are hungry.

Countable nouns yang singular dapat didahului dengan kata this, that, every, each, either, dan neither, sedangkan yang plural biasanya didahului kata these, those, some, any, enough, dan zero article. Lihat juga catatan dan contoh di atas.

Umumnya, uncountable nouns tidak dapat dibuat menjadi plural, kecuali jika disertai oleh jenis kata lainnya.
- There are new wines being introduced every day.
- The waters of the Atlantic are much warmer this time of year.
- The Dutch are famous for their cheeses.

Countable nouns dapat diawali oleh a, an (indefinite article) untuk singular dan the (definite article) untuk singular maupun plural.

Jika countable nouns berbentuk singular, maka penggunaan kata seperti a, an, the, my, this, dsb. harus digunakan.
- I want an orange. (tidak bisa dikatakan I want orange.)
- Where is my bottle? (tidak bisa dikatakan Where is bottle?)

Tetapi, jika countable nouns berbentuk plural, maka kata benda itu dapat berdiri sendiri:
- I like oranges.
- Bottles can break.

Terkadang uncountable nouns diperlakukan singular yang akhirnya juga menggunakan verba singular.
- This news is very important.
- Your luggage looks heavy.

Indefinite article a, an tidak umum dipakai pada uncountable nouns.
- a piece of news (bukan a news)
- a bottle of water (bukan a water)
- a grain of rice (bukan a rice)

Jadi, harus diberi kata keterangan di depannya. Perhatikan contoh lainnya berikut ini.
- There has been a lot of research into the causes of this disease.
- He gave me a great deal of advice before my interview.
- They've got a lot of furniture.
- Can you give me some information about uncountable nouns?

Uncountable nouns juga sering digunakan tanpa article (zero article)
- Poetry is beautiful.
- Sugar is sweet.
- Experience is the best teacher.

Uncountable nouns dapat didahului dengan kata some, any, enough, this, that, dan much. Dan karena bukan countable nouns maka tidak dapat didahului dengan kata these, those, every, each, either, and neither. Lihat lagi catatan dan contoh di atas.

Merupakan hal yang penting untuk mengetahui apakah suatu kata benda itu termasuk dalam countable nouns atau uncountable nouns. Hal ini akan memudahkan kita untuk mengenali jenis kata apa saja yang dapat diletakkan di sekitarnya.



At / on / in ( Time )
a.)       Kita menggunakan At untuk waktu, Contoh :
At 5 o’clock             At 11.45         aT Midnight              At lunchtime
Contoh Kalimat : Tom Usually leaves work at five o’clock
Tetapi kita menggunakan At :
Penggunaan At
Contoh pada kalimat
At night
I don’t like going out at night.
At the week-end /at week ends
Will you be here at the week-end ?
At the moment /at a present
Mr bean is busy at the moment/at a present.
At the same time
Mr Yudi and I arrived at the same time.
At the age of …….
Tom left school at the age of school

b.)   Kita menggunakan on date (tanggal) dan days (hari)
On 12 March                 on Friday                  on Idul Fitri
Contoh Kalimat : They got married on 12 March.
On Saturday night, on Sunday afternoon, on Monday evening
Contoh kalimat : I usually go out on Monday evenings
c.)  Kita menggunakan In untuk periode waktu yang panjang
Months (Bulan-Bulan) , Years (Tahun) seasons (Musim)
In April                       in 1968            in (the) winter
In the 18th century              in the 1970               in the middle age
Contoh kalimat :
They got married in 1968
Kita juga boleh menggunakan in sebagai berikut :
In the morning(s)/ in the afternoon (s)/ in the evening (s)
Contoh kalimat : I’ll see in the morning

d.)  Kita tidak boleh menggunakan at, on, in sebelum Last dan Next
I’ll see you next Friday
They got married last march
Kita menggunakan in + Periods of time = a time in the future ( sebuah waktu dimasa yang akan datang)
Contoh kalimat : the train will be leaving in a few minutes
Kamu juga boleh mengatakan in six month time / in a weeks time etc :
Contoh Kalimat  : They are getting married in six months’ time
Kita juga menggunakan in untuk mengatakan berapa lama untuk melakukan sesuatu.
Contoh kalimat  :
- I learnt to drive if four weeks. (= it took me four weeks to learn)



 In this exercise you have to complete the sentences. Each time use at, on or in with one of the phrases from the box
The 1920         1917          the 15th century         about five minutes
Saturdays       Night        the age of five           21 July 1969
The same time               The moment
1.      Columbus discovered America in the 15th century
2.      The first man landed on the moon ……………..
3.      In Britain football matches are usually played……….
4.      You can see the stars ……………………..if the sky is the clear.
5.      In Britain children have to start school……………………..
6.      Jazz became popular in the United States……………..
7.      It’s difficult to listen when everyone is speaking ………………
8.      The Russian revolution took place …………………………
9.      Tom isn’t here……………………he’ll be back………………… 

Comparison
Mari kita lihat contoh-contoh dibawah ini
Lets go by car its cheaper
Degrees of Comparison are used when we compare one person or one thing with another.
DedRees of CompaRison

     Sebagaian besar kata sifat diskriptif (descriptive adjectives) dan kata sifat kuantitatif (quantitative adjective) memiliki tingkat-tingkat perbandingan yang menerangkan kata benda.
 Dalam bahasa Inggris tingkat-tingkat perbandingan pada kata sifat disebut the degrees of comparison (tingkat perbandingan)

The degrees of comparison (tingkat perbandingan) berjumlah tiga tingkat, yaitu :

1. The positive degree (tingkat biasa)
2. The comparative (tingkat lebih/perbandingan)
3. The superlative (tingkat paling)

      Bentuk perbandingan dibuat dari bentuk positive yang ditambah dengan akhiran –er atau –r dan awalan more. Sedangkan bentuk superlative dibentuk dari bentuk positive yang ditambah dengan akhiran –est atau –st dan awalan most.
 Positive         Comparative          Superlative
Good                        Better                         Best
Beautiful       More Beautiful        Most Beautiful
Big                  Bigger                        Biggest
Tall                  Taller                          Tallest
Sincere          More Sincere           Most Sincere
Small              Smaller                      Smallest

 


1. The positive degree (tingkat biasa)
• She is an attractive girl
When we speak about only one person or thing,We use the Positive degree.
example :
 • This house is big.
 In this sentence only one noun “The house” is talked about.
• He is a tall student.
 • He is an intelligent boy.
 Each sentence mentioned above talks about only one noun.


2. The comparative (tingkat lebih/perbandingan)
    Pada umumnya bentuk tingkat lebih ini digunakan untuk membandingkan dua benda atau orang yang berbeda. Atau dengan kata lain digunakan untuk menyatakan bahwa susuatu benda atau orang itu mempunyai sifat lebih dibandingkan yang lain.
 • My car is faster than his car
When we compare two persons or two things with each other,We use both the Positive degree and Comparative degree.
example:
A. This house is bigger than that one. (Comparative degree)
      This house is not as big as that one. (Positive degree)
      The term “bigger” is comparative version of the term “big”.
      Both these sentences convey the same meaning.
B. This flower is more beautiful than that. (Comparative)
      This flower is not as beautiful as that. (Positive)
      The term “more beautiful” is comparative version of the term “beautiful”.
      Both these sentences convey the same meaning.
C  He is more intelligent than this boy. (Comparative)
      He is not as intelligent as this boy. (Positive)
      The term “more intelligent” is comparative version of the term “intelligent”.
      Both these sentences convey the same meaning.
3. The superlative (tingkat paling)
     Bentuk ini digunakan untuk menyatakan bahwa sesuatu itu mempunyai sifat paling ...... dibandingkan yang lainnya. Pada umumnya digunakan untuk membandingkan tiga benda atau lebih.
• This is the fastest car in the rally.
 • Elvis Presley is the greatest musician in the world
 When we compare more than two persons or things with one another,We use all the three Positive,    Comparative and Superlative degrees.
 example :
 A. This is the biggest house in this street. (Superlative)
      This house is bigger than any other house in this street. (Comparative)
      No other house in this street is as big as this one. (Positive)
      The term “biggest” is the superlative version of the term “big”.
     All the three sentences mean the same meaning.
B. This flower is the most beautiful one in this garden. (Superlative)
      This flower is more beautiful than any other flower in this garden. (Comparative)
      No other flower in this garden is as beautiful as this one. (Comparative)
      The term “most beautiful” is the superlative version of the term “beautiful”.
      All the three sentences mean the same meaning.
 C. He is the most intelligent in this class. (Superlative)
      He is more intelligent than other boys in the class. (Comparative)
      No other boy is as intelligent as this boy. (Positive)
      The term “most intelligent” is superlative version of the term “intelligent”.
      Both these sentences convey the same meaning.
 D. He is the tallest student in this class. (Superlative)
      He is taller than other students in this class. (Comparative)
      No other student is as tall as this student. (Positive)
      The term “tallest” is superlative version of the term “tall”.
      Both these sentences convey the same meaning.










PASSIVE VOICE

  Passive voice is used when the focus is on the action. It is not important or not known, however, who or what is performing the action. 
      A passive construction occurs when you make the object of an action into the subject of a sentence. That is, whoever or whatever is performing the action is not the grammatical subject of the sentence.

 Example: My bike was stolen.

 When rewriting active sentences in passive voice, note the following:
the object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence
the finite form of the verb is changed (to be + past participle)
the subject of the active sentence becomes the object of the passive sentence (or is dropped)
# Beberapa Bentuk Kalimat Passive.
  1.  Passive Imperative Sentence
       Rumus :
       Let + objek + be + Kata Kerja Bentuk III  
Help the poor (active)
Let the poor be helped (passive)
  2.  Passive Infinitive: It is/was time
       Rumus :
       It is/was time for + objek + to be + kata kerja III
It is time to send the letter (active)
It is time for the letter to be sent (passive)
  3. Negative Passive Imperative Sentence
      Rumus :
      Subjek + be + Kata kerja III + not to + infinitive
Don’t wait for me (active)
You are advised not to wait for me (passive)
  4. Passive Sentence with Verbs of Perception
      Rumus :
      Subjek + be + adjectives + when + subjek + be + kata kerja III
This food tastes delicious (active)
This food is delicious when it is tasted (passive)
  5. Passive Sentence with Certain Verbs followed by “that-clause”
We regretted that the principal had to resign from office (active)
It was regretted that the principal had to resign from office (passive)
   6. Passive Sentence with Nouns or Adjectives as Complements
I consider her very pretty (active)
She is considered very pretty (passive)
 7. Passive Sentence with two objects
He gave me a book (active)
A book was given to me by him (passive 1)
I was given a book by him (passive 2)
 8. Passive Sentence with Gerund Verbs
The teacher enjoyed teaching the students (active)
The students enjoyed being taught by the teacher (passive)
 9. Agent consisting long expression at the end of sentence
Dalam kalimat pasif, jika pelaku terdiri dari ekspresi yang panjang, sebaiknya subjek tersebut ditempatkan di akhir kalimat setelah by.
We were all surprised by her sudden announcement to get married
I was confused by his plan to stop the ongoing project and begin a new one.
10.Passive Sentence with unique verbs
Kata kerja yang digunakan adalah: require, deserve, need
This wall needs to be painted (sama dengan)
This wall needs painting.

ADJECTIVE CLAUSE
    Adjective Clause dinamakan juga RELATIVE CLAUSE yaitu Clause (anak kalimat) yang digunakan/berfungsi sebagai adjective yang menerangkan keadaan noun atau pronoun. Untuk lebih jelasnya penjelasan mengenai Adjective Clause, perhatikan penjelasan di bawah ini:
Kata Penghubung yang digunakan adalah  :
Who
 digunakan untuk orang dalam posisi subjek (human as subject).
-He paid the money to the man who.

Whom
 digunakan untuk orang dalam posisi objek (human as object).
-He paid the man whom/that he had hired.

Which
 digunakan untuk benda, baik dalam posisi subjek atau objek (non-human as subject/object).
- The car  the door of which I dented  cost a fortune to repair.

That
 digunakan sebagai subtitusi who, whom, atau which.
-The car that is very small   is economical to drive.

Whose
 digunakan untuk kepemilikan.
-This is the girl whose picture you saw.

When
 digunakan untuk waktu.
-The 1960s, when the "flower children" thrived,   was a colorful decade.

Why
 digunakan untuk sebab.
-The reason (why) I came should be obvious to you.

Beberapa Hal Penting yang Berkaitan dengan Adjective Clause..
* Perubahan dari Adjective Clause menjadi Adjective Phrase
 1. Adjective Clause dapat dirubah menjadi Adjective Phrase yang menjelaskan noun tanpa ada perubahan arti kalimat.
 2. Hanya Adjective Clause yang mempunyai subjek pronoun: who, which atau that yang dapat dirubah menjadi Adjective Phrase.
 3. Adjective Clause dengan subjek: whom tidak dapat dirubah menjadi Adjective Phrase.

 *Cara mengubah Adjective Clause menjadi Adjective Phrase.
(1) Subjek pronoun dan verb be dihilangkan.

 * Adjective Clause: The man who is talking to Taylor is from Japan.
 * Adjective Phrase: The man talking to Taylor is from Japan.

 * Adjective Clause: The ideas which are presented in that book are interesting.
 * Adjective Phrase: The ideas presented in that book are interesting.

 * Adjective Clause: Ali is the man who is responsible for preparing the budget.
 * Adjective Phrase: Ali is the man responsible for preparing the budget.

 * Adjective Clause: The books that are on the shelf are mine.
 * Adjective Phrase: The books on the shelf are mine.

(2) Jika tidak ada verb be dalam Adjective Clause, seringkali subjek pronoun dapat dihilangkan dan mengubah kata kerja dalam Clause itu menjadi bentuk -ing.

 * Adjective Clause: English has an alphabet that consists of 26 letters.
 * Adjective Phrase: English has an alphabet  consisting of 26 letters.

 * Adjective Clause: Anyone who wants to come with us is welcome.
 * Adjective Phrase: Anyone wanting to come with us is welcome.
direct-indirect
 kalimat direct dan indirect

 ex :
 Present tense - Any tense (bentuk waktu apapun)

 1.Direct : She says to her friend, ” I have been writing “.
 Indirect : She says to her friend that he has been writing.

 2. Direct : She has told you, ” I am reading “.
 Indirect : She has told you that he is reading.

 3.Direct : She will say, ” You have done wrongly “.
 Indirect : She will tell you that you have done wrongly.

 4.Direct : She will say,” The boy wasn’t lazy “.
 Indirect : She will tell them that the boy wasn’t lazy.

 a. Command :

 5. Direct : He said to his servant, “Go away at once!”

 Indirect :He ordered his servant to go away at once

 b. Precept :

 6 .Direct : She said to her son, “Study hard!”

 Indirect : He advised her son to study hard

 c. Request :

 7.Direct : He said to his friend, “Please lend me your pen!”

 Indirect : He asked his friend to be kind enough to lend him his pencil

 d. Entreaty :

 8. Direct : He said to his master, “Pardon me, sir”

 Indirect: He begged his master to pardon him.

 e. Prohibition :

 9. Direct : She said to her daughter, “Don’t go there”

 Indirect : She forbade her daughter to go there

 Kalau reporting verb say atau tell diubah menjadi reported verb ask, order, command dsb (tapi jika bukan forbid), predikatnya diubah ke dalam infinitive with to yang didahului oleh not atau no + infinitive with to.

 Direct : She said to her daughter, “Don’t go there”

 Indirect : She asked herdaughter not to go there.




 a. Exclamatory sentences

 10. Direct : He said, “Hurrah! My old friend has come”

 Indirect : He exclaimed with joy that his old friend had come.

 b. Optative sentences (kalimat yang menyatakan harapan, pujian, dsb)

 Direct : He said, “God bless you, my dear son “

 Indirect : He prayed that God would bless his dear son


PARTS OF SPEECH atau JENIS KATA DALAM BAHASA INGGRIS

13 Mei 2010 at 10:06 pm 9 komentar

PARTS OF SPEECH

 A. DEFINISI PARTS OF SPEECH
 Parts of Speech dalam bahasa Inggris berarti jenis-jenis kata atau kelas-kelas kata.
 Disebut parts of speech – bagian-bagian dari ucapan atau bagian-bagian kalimat (ingat, pada dasarnya kalimat dalam bahasa adalah kalimat yang diucapkan, bukan dituliskan) – karena kata-kata ini merupakan suatu sistem yang diperlukan untuk membentuk sebuah kalimat, tanpa melihat apa tugas atau fungsinya masing-masing. Jadi, kata-kata itu merupakan “bahan dasar” di dalam sebuah “bangunan” kalimat, bukan “fungsi” kata di dalam kalimat. Mengapa demikian? Karena sebuah kata bisa mempunyai beberapa (lebih dari satu) fungsi dalam kalimat.
 Secara lengkap, ada 9 jenis kata atau kelas kata dalam bahasa Inggris, yaitu:

NO JENIS KATA KETERANGAN
 1 Verb Verba atau kata kerja (misalnya: be, have, do, like, work, sing, can, must)
 2 Noun Nomina atau kata benda (misalnya: pen, dog, work, music, town, London, teacher, John)
 3 Adjective Adjectiva atau kata sifat (misalnya: good, big, red, well, interesting)
 4 Adverb Adverbia atau kata keterangan (misalnya: quickly, silently, well, badly, very, really)
 5 Pronoun Pronomina atau kata ganti (misalnya: I, you, he, she, someone)
 6 Preposition Preposisi atau kata depan (misalnya: to, at, after, on, but)
 7 Conjunction Konjungsi kata hubung atau kata sambung (misalnya: and, but, when)
 8 Interjection Interjeksi atau kata seru (misalnya: oh!, , hi!, ,ouch! well! )
 9 Determiner Determiner atau kata pembatas atau kata sandang (misalnya: a, an, the, this, that, these, those, 78, some, any)